Braces Before and After Photos
07/20/2012, Alison Aldridge
If you or your children's teeth are crooked or are misaligned, then you may well have considered orthodontic treatment. In this case you might need to ask your general dentist to refer you to an orthodontist who specializes in this field.
The treatments can range from simply wearing a removable retainer to having surgery, but most people will need braces. The time taken to achieve the desired look can vary considerably according to the distance the teeth have to be moved, the amount of room available, and the condition of the teeth, gums and jawbone. Orthodontic treatment can take between one and three years to complete after which it's often necessary to wear a retainer for at least the first six months.
The following photos show patient’s mouths before and after orthodontic treatment, and the types of results that can be achieved.
Braces Before and After Photos
The upper right front tooth is overlapping the upper left tooth due to overcrowding. Expanding the room in the upper arch allows the tooth to be guided into the correct position.
This shows a very minor underbite, and is where the lower teeth are too far forward in comparison with the upper teeth. It is generally solved by moving the upper teeth forward.
The teeth in this photo are overcrowded. In such cases it may be necessary to have some teeth extracted. This will create sufficient room for the rest of the teeth to be correctly aligned with braces. Another possibility is to expand the amount of room available in the arch.
This is a Class III occlusion where the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth. It's sometimes caused by the lower jaw over growing, causing gaps to form between the teeth, or the upper jaw growing insufficiently.
Treatment largely depends on the individual case, as sometimes it's necessary to have surgery to move the jaw back into the correct position, or to have some of the gaps between the lower teeth closed up with the use of orthodontic appliances. In this case it is likely that braces were worn on both the upper and lower teeth to correct this problem.
The patient in this photo has an open bite which is where the upper teeth fail to overlap vertically with the lower teeth. It can be caused through thumb sucking, or may be due to the jaw not developing evenly. This can be corrected with braces, although sometimes it may also be necessary to have surgery.
In this case the patient would have worn braces on the upper and lower teeth to bring them back into alignment, as some teeth are flaring outwards while others are rotated.
This example shows a Class II overbite, which is where the front teeth protrude over the lower front teeth. This problem can arise due to the front teeth becoming over erupted, or the bone supporting the teeth becoming over developed. It is corrected by moving the front teeth up, or by bringing the back teeth together so they meet correctly. This creates a more open bite so the front teeth don’t cover up so much of the lower teeth.
These photos show another example of a Class III occlusion; although there are fewer gaps between the lower teeth in this example, the underbite is more extreme.
This is called a crossbite, and is where the upper teeth bite on the inside of the lower teeth. If a number of teeth are in a crossbite, then one solution is to expand the upper arch with an orthodontic appliance. If only one or two teeth are out of alignment they may be moved back into position with a retainer or braces.
This is a Class II overjet, where the lower teeth are too far behind the upper teeth. Sometimes this condition is made worse by thumb sucking, or by constantly thrusting the tongue forwards. It can be corrected by either extracting some of the upper teeth, or through use of orthodontic appliances on both the upper and lower teeth.
You can clearly see in the after photos how the teeth now meet together correctly. This creates a more esthetically pleasing appearance, making it easier to eat and talk properly, and of course straighter teeth are much easier to keep clean.